HIGH DAY

December 16 - Day “Museum of friendship between the Armenian and Russian peoples”
December 31, 1, 2 January - New Year
January 6 - Christmas
January 13 - The Old New Year
January 28 - Day of the Armenian Army
February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day
March 8 - International Womens Day
April 24 - Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Genocide
May 1 - Labor Day
May 9 - Victory and Peace Day
May 28 - Republic Day
July 5 - Constitution Day
September 1 - Day of Knowledge
September 21 - Armenias Independence Day
International Museum Day
Days of European Cultural Heritage

December 16 Day "Museum of friendship between the Armenian and Russian peoples"

Every year the staff of Abovyan museum celebrate "Day Museum friendship between the Armenian and Russian peoples." As a rule - it is an open day, free access to the museum. Who came to the museum guests get acquainted with the activities of the museum. Tours are conducted in two exhibition halls. At the banquet table are going to all those who participated at the opening of the museum.
Times Official opening ceremony on December 16, 1982. The opening ceremony was held with great solemnity, attended by prominent state and party leaders of the USSR. Prominent figures who have made a contribution to strengthening friendship between the Armenian and Russian peoples: writers, critics, cosmonauts.
The main purpose of the museum was and is put on public display age-old friendship between the Armenian and Russian peoples, security, identification and collection, study and celebration of the museum exhibits and museum collections of historical relations and cultural ties between the two nations.
Museum takes measures to ensure the physical safety and security of museum exhibits and collections, restoration of exhibits, is also carried out the completion of museum exhibits through donations, bequests, purchases. Maintain records of museum exhibits. The museum organizes permanent and temporary exhibitions, as well as an exhibition of museum exhibits and museum collections belonging to both organizations and businesses and individuals, make them accessible.
The museum also carries out scientific and educational and research work. Organizes lectures, meetings, conferences, prepares and publishes scientific papers, monographs, articles, collections, guides, directories, as well as informational and promotional materials about the activities of the organization. Is long-term plans of both current and future socio-economic development of its core business. Collaborates with other museums in order to develop and implement joint plans for the theoretical and scientific-practical problems of museum work.

December 31 1.2 January - New Year

New Year - a holiday celebrated by many peoples in accordance with the calendar, coming at the time of transition from the last day of the year on the first day of next year. Most countries, including the Republic of Armenia, celebrate the New Year on January 1, the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. New Gregorian calendar in our country introduced in 1918, after the October Revolution. Since 1699, the Russian people began to celebrate the New Year on January 1, on the orders of Peter the Great-1.

January 6 - Christmas

Christmas - one of the major Christian holidays, established according to church teaching, in honor of Jesus Christ. Notes 25 December. The date of the celebration of the Nativity differ in various churches. The Armenian Apostolic Church - the only one in the Christian world that celebrates Christmas not on 25 December and 6 January.
Russian Orthodox Church and other churches that use the Julian calendar /"old style"/ celebrate January 7 on the current Gregorian calendar in XX-XXI centuries. In Orthodoxy is one of the great feasts and fasting preceded Christmas.

January 13 - The Old New Year

Old New Year - New Year according to the Julian calendar /old style/ comes at night from 13 to 14 January.
Old tradition to celebrate the New Year comes from differences Julian calendar (or another calendar "old style") and the Gregorian calendar - the one who now lives on practically the whole world. The discrepancy between the calendars in the 20-21 centuries is 13 days. Old New Year - a rare historical phenomenon, an additional holiday which is resulting in a change of era. Because of this discrepancy, we note two calendars "New Year" - the old and new style. Thus, on the night of 13 January 14, everyone can afford "doprazdnovat" most favorite holiday. Today, every year the popularity of Old New Year is growing, and Russia is no exception.
1. In Armenia, on the festive table on the night of 13 January 14, must be a ritual bread "Tari hats" (bread of the year). It certainly baked mascot - a bean, coin or, in extreme cases, a button. Divided equally between Taree hats all family members. To fall to piece with an amulet, was considered the lucky ones who will have good luck throughout the whole year.
2. Festive table is also decorated with the famous Armenian cognac and wine, and of course national cuisine.
3. To the following year life was "sweet", the first thing you need to try a little bit of honey.
4. Custom posevaniya on Old New Year exists in Armenia. Only here, guests instead of grain throw nuts at home.
More and more people refer to it, as an independent holiday, which extends the charm of the New Year, or allows you to feel the charm of it for the first time ... After all, this holiday more quiet, it is alien to vanity, which is the inevitable companion of the New Year.

January 28 - Day of the Armenian Army

In Armenia, on January 28 is celebrated the National Day of the Army. Date of holiday chosen to honor the creation of the Armenian National Army in 1992.
January 28, 1992 the Republic of Armenia, it was decided to establish a division of Defense of Armenia, thus creating the first Armenian army troops. For the republic it was a historical event, the day of creating an army in Armenia is now celebrated on a large scale. Traditionally, the day the Armenian army conducted military parades, parades art, concerts with the participation of military ensembles.
Feast consider it their "professional" all soldiers of the country.

February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day

Since 1922, this day is considered the Soviet Army. Later in the USSR is celebrated as a national "Day of the Soviet Army and Navy - the Navy." After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the holiday was renamed "Day of Defender of the Fatherland." In the Republic of Armenia to this day, as in other CIS countries, organizing various events. Already 20 years of independent Armenia have their own army, but a holiday on February 23 in the country notes for all those who served in the Soviet Army.

March 8 - International Womens Day

Today, almost the entire planet celebrates March 8 as a day by worshiping a real woman, her beauty, wisdom and femininity that save the world.
This beloved March 8 goes back to the traditions of ancient Rome I century BC. It was believed that the goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter, the great, was endowed with great power and have a great opportunity.
In the modern day world women celebrated 8 March. The history of this festival began in the XIX century, and it was timed to the struggle for womens rights. It was March 8, 1857 in New York held a manifestation of workers sewing and shoe factories.
March 8 1857 year started poyavlyatsv female unions, and for the first time women were given the right to vote. But only in 1910 at the International Socialist Womens Conference in Copenhagen Clara Zetkin was invited to celebrate World Womens Day on 8 March. It was a peculiar appeal to women around the world to join the struggle for independence and equality; and they responded, join the fight for the right to work, respect for their dignity, for peace on earth.
In Russia, the International Womens Day was first celebrated in 1913 in St. Petersburg. The organizers urged to pursue economic and political equality for women. One of the most powerful performances of women held in Petrograd, March 7, 1917. In 1976, International Womens Day was officially recognized by the UN.
Today, March 8 in Russia and Armenia is a celebration of spring and light, a tribute to the traditional role of women as wives, mothers, girlfriends.

April 24 - Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Genocide

Day of the Armenian Genocide is considered to be the day April 24, 1915, when the Young Turk rulers, among which the main role played three of Talaat Pasha, Enver - Pasha and Jemal – pasha - ordered to gather all the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul and deported. Many were killed on the same day.
Date April 24, 1915 holds a special place not only in the history of the Armenian Genocide, but also in the history of the Armenian people as a whole. On this day in Constantinople began mass arrests of the Armenian intellectual, religious, economic and politecheskoy elite, which led to the complete destruction of an entire galaxy of the most prominent figures of the Armenian culture. In the lists to be arrested were people of different political views and professions: writers, artists, musicians, teachers, doctors, lawyers, journalists, businessmen and political leaders.
Ottoman Improv, which lasted nearly 500 years, pursued a policy of assimilation of the peoples living on its territory. The idea of extermination of the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, the Turkish sultans hatched long ago.
In 1915, the Turkish governments to take the start spending towards Armenians policy merciless massacre. The massacre of the Armenian population continued until September 1918. Over the next three years, killing more than 1.5 million. Armenians, the rest fled or were expelled by the Turks in Mesopotamia, Lebanon, Syria, through deserts, where most of them died of starvation and disease. More than one million Armenian refugees were scattered all over the world.
 In January, 1916 5 to 6 thousand Armenians were deported Ayntaba in the desert; in April 14 thousand deportees were cut in Ras ul-Ain. By order of every day Kaimakam group of 300-500 people were taken away to a distance of 10 kilometers from the city, on the bank of the river, where a gang of mercenaries to kill them, and their bodies were thrown into the water. To the east of Aleppo, in the camp Meskene that on the banks of the Euphrates, in the words themselves as Turks, was buried in the ground 55 thousand Armenians died of starvation.
Armenian Genocide was recognized and condemned by many countries and influential international organizations. The first Armenian Genocide officially recognized and condemned Uruguay (1965). In 1984 the International Hague Tribunal, in 1987 - the European Union, the European Parliament, the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, the World Council of Churches, etc. Armenian Genocide officially recognized and condemned France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Sweden, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Russia, Poland, Lithuania, Greece, Cyprus, Slovakia, Argentina (2 of the Act, 5 of resolution), Venezuela, Canada (1996, 2002, 2004 ), the Vatican and several other states. In some EU countries for denying the historical fact of the Armenian Genocide introduced criminal responsibility (from a fine of 45 thousand. Euro up to 1 year imprisonment). 40 of the 50 US states have officially recognized and condemned the Armenian Genocide, as well as announced on April 24 the Day of Remembrance of the Armenian Genocide.
October 12, 2006, the French parliament passed a bill, according to which the denial of Armenian genocide will be a criminal offense, similar to Holocaust denial.
The theme of the Armenian Genocide is addressed in Art, kinomatograefe, literature.
"... The memory of the tragic history of Armenia raises the late XIX - early XX centuries, the massacre in Constantinople, Sasun massacre," the great assassin "vile indifference Christian" culture "in Europe, which they referred to the destruction of their" brothers in Christ "disgraceful act of robbery samoderzhavanym tsernovkyh government assets in Armenia, the horrors of the Turkish invasion in recent years - its hard to remember all the tragedies that energetic people. " / Maxim Gorky. "Our achievements", M., 1929, N1, p. 81.
On the tragic fate of the Armenian people write their works V. Zvyagintsev Bryusov, Yu Veselovsky et al.
Zvyagintsev says that she fell in love with Armenia for its tragic past and of great courage to overcome this tragic past.
In the work of the famous American rock band System of a Down, consisting of four musicians, Armenian by origin, often affected subjects armyam genocide.
American composer and singer Daniel Decker wrote the song "Adana" with the Armenian composer Ara Gevorgyan. The song "Adana", named after the city, the Armenian population was subjected to massacres which one of the first, tells the story of the Armenian Genocide. This topic is dedicated to Atom Egoyan "Ararat" / 2002 /.
The most famous literary works on the theme of the Armenian Genocide - Franz Werfel novel "The Forty Days of Musa Dagh", published in 1933.
In 1967, Yerevan, on overlooking the gorge of the river Hrazdan Tsitsernakaberd memorial was erected. 44-meter stele symbolizes the rebirth of the Armenian people. 12 plates, symbolizing a 12 lost provinces included in the present composition of Turkey, form a cone centered at a depth of 1.5 meters eternal flame burns. Next to the stele is hundred-meter wall with the names of towns and villages in which there is a massacre.
In 1995, at the other end of the park was opened genocide museum dedicated to these terrible events. The museum displays some pictures taken by German photographers (including Armin Wegner), as well as their publication. Not far from the museum is the alley where foreign statesmen plant trees in memory of the victims of genocide.
Every year on April 24, in the Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day, hundreds of thousands of people up the hill to the memorial complex and laid flowers at the eternal flame. Thanks to the efforts of the Armenian diaspora around the world built many monuments to the victims of genocide.

May 1 - Labor Day

May Day - Spring and Labour Day, Labor Day, Spring Day, International Workers Day. For a long time Mayday was a symbol of the revolution, irreconcilable class struggle.
May 1, 1886 American workers organized a strike demanding an 8-hour workday. The strike and the accompanying demonstration ended in violent clashes with the police.
In July 1889 the International Congress of Paris II, in memory of the actions of the workers of Chicago, decided to hold the annual May 1 demonstrations.
In 1917, after the February Revolution, May Day was first celebrated openly: millions of workers took to the streets with slogans such as "Down with the capitalist ministers", "All power to the Soviets", "Down with the imperialist war!". After the October Revolution became an official holiday: This day was a demonstration of workers and military parades /first Red Army Day parade was held in 1918 at Khodynka/. On the second day of the festival, usually held in the country, "May Day" - a massive celebration in nature. Since this holiday is celebrated all Soviet republics, including Armenia. Since 1992, popularly favorite holiday renamed Spring and Labour Day.

May 9 - Victory and Peace Day

Victory Day - celebration of the victory of the Soviet Army and the Soviet people over Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. Celebrated on 9 May each year. On the day of victory we have organized a march to the cenotaph, a military parade in the hero cities, as well as a sign of victory salute. For the first time has been widely celebrated in the Soviet Union only a decade later, already under Brezhnev. In Soviet times, military parades on Red Square on May 9 were in the jubilee 1965, 1975, 1985 and 1990.
Also, since the sixties original military parades on May 9 were held in many cities of the USSR, including the city of Yerevan. On this day, military units and military schools marched through the streets of cities to war memorials or monuments to fallen soldiers, which were held rallies and laying flowers. Since then parades on Red Square began to spend every year - but without military equipment. Since 2008, the parade began again held with the participation of military equipment, including military aviation.
Festive procession in honor of Victory Day is traditionally held in all cities heroes, military districts in several major cities in Russia and CIS countries. This day with great love note Armenian residents traditionally meet veterans, laying wreaths at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a monument to the glory and valor, booming fireworks.
On the Great Patriotic War, fought 450000 soldiers - Armenians. Of these, 275,000 soldiers and commanders / 61% / not returned from fields of battles. More than 70 thousand Armenians - veterans were awarded military orders and medals. 103 th Soviet soldiers - Armenians awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, 30 became full gentlemen of the Order of Glory soldier. First twice Hero of the Soviet Union in the Caucasus became a native of the city of Shusha, pilot-attack aircraft Nelson Stepanian. Fought five national parts: 89th, 408th, 409 th, 390 th, 261 th Infantry Division and the 76th Mountain Division, which distinguished itself at Stalingrad, in connection with what was pereobrazovana in 51th Guards, 261 th Division, formed entirely of Armenians took place from the foothills of the Caucasus to Germany 1700 kilometers combat path to his credit more than 9,000 killed and 11,000 taken prisoner by the Nazis. Of all the National Union of the Soviet Army only 89th Armenian Taman Division with its legendary commander Nver Safaryan participated in the storming of Berlin.
Only Karabakh Armenian village Chardakhlu gave internationalist Fatherland two marshals, 11 generals, 360 of its inhabitants were awarded medals of the USSR. Armenians fought in partisan detachments. This detachment "Victory", which operated in Ukraine as part of the famous guerrilla compound A. Kovpaka squad Mikoyan-as part of the guerrilla unit of Hero of the Soviet Union Mikhail Naumov. Commander of a large partisan connections are those in Belarus was Khachik Matevosyan. Active chelen known underground anti-fascist organization "Young Guard" in Krasnodon had children armnskogo people - George Harutyunyan and Maya Pehlivanova.
As part of the glorious Soviet Army generals were 60 generals - Armenians, who commanded during the war large army formations. Among the most prominent were the two heroes of the Soviet Union. Marshal of the Soviet Union, the commander of the first Baltic Front Hristaforovich Ivan Bagramyan, Admiral Ivan Isakov, Air Marshal Sergei Khudyakov /Hanferyants/ generals Ginosyan S., B. Arushanyan, Martirosyan, K. Hakhnazaryan, A. Babayan, the legendary Soviet aviokonstruktor Artem Mikoyan. In this war, mature talent budushego Chief Marshal any engineered voynsk S. Oganov.
Contribute to the achievement of victory made rear workers. Armenia produced 300 types of weapons and ammunition. For heroic work in the rear of orders and medals awarded to more than 380 thousand people.
Do not remain on the sidelines in the fight against fascism and the progressive forces of the Armenian foreign countries. More than 30 thousand Armenians fought in the armies of the allies, guerrilla groups. One of the streets in Paris named after Misak Manushyan, one of the members of the Resistance. The funds collected zarubezhenymi Armenians and the Armenian Church of the Red Army were transferred to tank columns "David of Sasun" and "General Bagramyan", several squadrons of aircraft, munitions procured weapons.
Contribution to the victory was huge, in the name of friendship and understanding between the two peoples.
In Armenia, May 9 - a double celebration.
In parallel with the victory over Nazi Germany in Armenia celebrate the day of the liberation of Shushi.

May 28 - Republic Day

Since 1918, May 28 Armenia marks the Day of the First Republic. The second name of this holiday - Day of Restoration of sovereignty. May 28, 1918 was re-established the independence of Armenia, more than six centuries was under the yoke of the various conquerors. Divided between the Ottoman Empire and Persia in 1639, Armenia has remained relatively stable until the fall of the Safavid dynasty in 1722. Around this time, begins the Russian expansion in the region. Russia annexed the Persian Armenia in 1813-1827, respectively, and of the Turkish Armenia in 1828 and 1878. In the 1870s, the nascent Armenian national movement, whose leaders were trying to benefit themselves from the rivalry between the great powers of the time, trying to subdue the Ottoman Empire. Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, the Turks started to address the "Armenian question" by the forcible expulsion of Armenians from Asia Minor. Soldiers-Armenians serving in the Turkish army, were demobilized and shot, women, children and the elderly were forced to leave the deserts of Syria. Estimates of the death toll vary greatly - from 600 thousand to 1 million people. Some Armenians managed to survive thanks to the help from the Turks and the Kurds, most of them fled to Russian Armenia or in other countries of the Middle East. Russian Armenia was proclaimed an independent republic May 28, 1918. Despite the hunger, the massive influx of refugees and conflicts with neighboring countries - Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey - Republic bravely fought for their existence. In 1920, the Red Army entered Armenia, and December 2, 1920 there was proclaimed a Soviet republic.

July 5 - Constitution Day

July 5, 1995 draft of the Basic Law, prepared by the ideology of the ruling party in the country then-Armenian National Movement - was put to a national referendum and approved by the people of Armenia. The Basic Law of 1995 was the first Constitution of independent Armenia, in which he lives Republic. In 2005, the Constitution was amended, which were approved in a national referendum on November 27. Article 1 of the Constitution states: "The Republic of Armenia - a sovereign, democratic, social and legal state." Article 2 are declared that "power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the people. People exercise their power through free elections and referenda, as well as by the Constitution through government bodies, local authorities and officials. The usurpation of power by any organization or individual constitutes a crime. "In accordance with the Constitution /Article 13/ depicted on the emblem of Armenia Mount Ararat with Noahs ark and the coats of arms of the four kingdoms of historical Armenia. The shield is supported eagle and the lion and the shield depicts a sword, a branch, a sheaf, a chain and a ribbon. Armenian flag - the tricolor, with horizontal equal strips of red, blue, and orange. Hymn of the Republic - "Our homeland". Armenias capital city Yerevan named. According to the Constitution of Armenia established a presidential-parliamentary form of government. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly, executive power- Government. Guarantor of the independence, territorial integrity and security of the Republic is the President.

September 1 - Day of Knowledge

September 1 - the feast of the new school year, especially for students, teachers and professors. Traditionally on this day in schools are solemn line, mark the beginning of the school year. With great solemnity meet graders in schools. In colleges and universities tend to do without rulers, but from the solemnity of the moment it does not decrease. The Day of Knowledge - a holiday for all pupils, students and their parents. September 1 - this is the first call and excitement, a sea of flowers and white bows, and, of course, the traditional lessons in the world. This is the long-awaited day for those who first crossed the threshold of the school.

September 21 - Armenias Independence Day

September 21, 1991 the Armenian people in a national referendum voted for the declaration of independence from the Soviet Union, which was part of the republic since 1921. On this day by the Supreme Council of Armenia held a referendum on secession from the USSR and the creation of an independent state of Armenia. 99% of citizens entitled to vote, answered the question in the affirmative. Two days later, September 23, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Armenia declared an independent state. Formally, the Republic gained independence on December 26 in the demise of the Soviet Union. In October 1991, Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected the President of Armenia. In the same year Armenia joined the Commonwealth of Independent States. In 1992, Armenia joined the UN. Since 2001, Armenia became a full member of the European Council. In 2002, the membership of Armenia took place at the World Trade Organization (WTO). On September 21, Armenia - one of the most important festivals celebrated in the country widely and colorfully. Independence - a victory that will never take away from the Armenian people.

International Museum Day

Every year on May 18 museum professionals all over the world, as well as the Republic of Armenia celebrate their professional holiday. Since 1978, International Museum Day has become celebrated in more than 150 countries. It is considered that through the museum society expresses its attitude to the historical and cultural heritage, and its hard to disagree. Collecting and storing monuments of material and spiritual culture, museums are great scientific-educational and educational and educational work. Each year the festival has its own specific topic of the museum practice.

Days of European Cultural Heritage

On the "Day of open visiting historical monuments" in 1984 for the first time spoke France. The idea of this event was the fact that within one day of the year to open for free access to historical monuments and other sites, including those where no access on ordinary days.
Officially, "European Heritage Day" was declared by the Council of Europe in 1991. Since 1999, the "European Heritage Days" held in conjunction with the European Union.
Events are organized in the order of 50 countries that have ratified the European Cultural Convention. In Armenia, the European Heritage Days are held each year with 29-30 September.
As part of the "European Heritage Days" experts in various fields of culture hold lectures, during which its activities are public in the conservation of cultural heritage, as well as the progress made in recent years.
From year to year theme and focus of activities vary.
Admission to all events in the framework of the "European Heritage Days" is free.